RFID Technologie

NFC Technologie

BLE Technologie

DIFFERENTIATION THROUGH INNOVATION

IDcapt offers innovative products that comply with all applicable standards.
Quality, design and ease of integration are among the main differentiating features in the market.

RFID technology (Radio Frequency Identification)

The abbreviation RFID stands for radio frequency identification. This technology makes it possible to identify an object or a person and to retrieve data remotely, using markers that emit radio waves, known as “radio tags”: RFID tags. RFID technology allows these radio tags to be read and can penetrate thin layers of materials such as plastic. To ensure that it works properly, RFID technology is governed by a set of ISO standards (standardisation of communication protocols between tags and readers).

The Identifiers

The identifiers consist of an antenna (encapsulated in a medium: RFID Tag) and an electronic chip integrating a unique identifier: UID and any additional data. The tags are read by a reader which captures and transmits the information. They can be incorporated into different media such as a label, a badge, a bracelet, a key ring or more generally an object.

The readers

The readers are radio frequency transmitters that will activate the markers (tags) that pass in front of them. The frequency can be variable depending on the application and the performance required.

– High Frequency: 13.56 MHz: ISO 14 443 A 1-4, ISO 14443B 1-4, ISO 15693-3 and ISO 18000-3. This is a short wave frequency i.e. the wavelength is between 5 and 7 metres.
– Low Frequency: 125 KHz: the wavelength is between 5 cm and 7 cm.

The applications :

RFID can meet a wide range of needs. It is developing within companies and in logistics. This technology could also be used to detect counterfeiting (the pharmaceutical industry is already interested in this authentication process for medicines, for example).

NFC Technologie (Near Field Communication)

NFC is a near-field communication technology that allows data to be exchanged in real time without contact. This exchange of information takes place between two devices (mobile terminals, readers, etc.) by radio frequency (frequency range: 13.56MHz), less than 10 centimetres away. Generally, NFC is integrated into most of our mobiles in the form of a chip, as well as in certain transport or payment cards.

There are many applications for this technology. Some are in the continuity of contactless cards (ticketing, payment, access control, interactive terminals, etc.), others are based on the interactions of the individual with his environment: objects, people, etc.

NFC technology offers different possibilities of use such as access control, contactless payment or ticketing. In these examples, the NFC smartphone will play the role of an identifier. 

In the case of contactless payment, the mobile will be used as a payment card.

– IDcapt provides an NFC software capsule for generating unique and secure identifiers that can be integrated into any type of mobile application.

– Our readers can also read MIFARE DESfire Technology, NFC – HCE and the PAN number of the credit card.
13,56 MHz – ISO14443A/B – ISO18092.

NFC-related standards

NFC technology is an extension of the ISO/IEC 14443 standard using RFID (Radio Frequency IDentification), which combines the interface of an identifier (RFID tag emulation) and a reader module in one device.

An NFC device is capable of communicating with both an ISO/IEC 14443 NFC (13.56 MHz) RFID reader and another NFC device.

The different standards:

NFCIP-1 (ISO/IEC 18092): defines the interface and communication protocol between two NFC devices;
ISO/IEC 14443-1 to ISO/IEC 14443-4: define the communication with contactless integrated circuits
NDEF (NFC Data Exchange Format) defines the logical data exchange format.

The three modes of operation

There are three modes of operation for NFC technology:

Card emulation mode, Tag: the mobile terminal functions as a contactless smart card. The SIM card can thus be used to store encrypted information and secure it.
Reader mode: the NFC-equipped mobile becomes a contactless card reader or “radio tag” reader to retrieve data.
Peer-to-peer mode: this operating mode allows two mobile terminals to exchange data.

- What about tags?

Like RFID tags, there are NFC tags that can be programmed to send information to devices within their range.

BLE Technologie (Bluetooth Low Energy)

- what is the BLE?

Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE or Smart Bluetooth) is a standard that defines a wireless communication technology for personal device networks. This standard is promoted by an organisation called SIG (1998) which oversees Bluetooth standards and licenses the brand to manufacturers. As the name of this technology indicates, it is a very low-power Bluetooth that still allows the same level of communication as the previous versions.

- Compatible smartphone operating systems:

Mobile operating systems including iOS, Android, Windows Phone and BlackBerry, as well as macOS, Linux, Windows 8 and Windows 10 natively support Bluetooth Low Energy technology. The Bluetooth SIG predicts that by 2018, over 90% of Bluetooth-enabled smartphones will support Bluetooth Low Energy.

- IDcapt's BLE contactless identification:

NFC technology offers different possibilities of use such as access control, contactless payment or ticketing. In these examples, the NFC smartphone will play the role of an identifier. 

In the case of contactless payment, the mobile will be used as a payment card.

– IDcapt provides an NFC software capsule for generating unique and secure identifiers that can be integrated into any type of mobile application.

– Our readers can also read MIFARE DESfire Technology, NFC – HCE and the PAN number of the credit card.
13.56 MHz – ISO14443A/B – ISO18092.

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